What is Cord Blood?
Cord blood contains stem cells that can be used to help treat serious diseases later in one’s life.
Cord blood is the blood collected from the umbilical cord of a newborn baby where there is a rich source of stem cells. These stem cells are similar to the stem cells found in an adult’s bone marrow; however the youth of the cells makes them able to replicate themselves for a longer period of time.
Cord blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma. Most importantly, it contains a rich source of stem cells. These young stem cells are able to differentiate (change into other cells) and replicate themselves making cord blood stem cells the ideal choice for transplantation and disease treatment.
What is Cord Tissue?
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Cord tissue is the actual umbilical cord itself, and it is collected by cutting off a segment of the umbilical cord after the child is born. The cord tissue stem cells are separated and then stored like cord blood stem cells. In years past, cord blood was the only portion of the umbilical cord to be collected for stem cell retrieval. Now families have the option to store not only cord blood but cord tissue as well.
What can Cord Tissue do?
Cord tissue contains a different type of stem cells called mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) that are able to leverage cell therapy to differentiate into various tissues and organ cells, including cardiac, nerve, cartilage/bone, and muscle cells. Because cord tissue is still in the experimental phase, it has great future potential for the use in treatment of conditions such as cancers, heart disease, diabetes, strokes, spinal cord injuries, and more.